mais uma obra prima de KEN BURNS


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The National Parks: America's Best Idea Filmed over the course of more than six years at some of nature's most spectacular locales - from Acadia to Yosemite, Yellowstone to the Grand Canyon, the Everglades of Florida to the Gates of the Arctic in Alaska - The National Parks: America's Best Idea is nonetheless a story of people: people from every conceivable background - rich and poor; famous and unknown; soldiers and scientists; natives and newcomers; idealists, artists and entrepreneurs; people who were willing to devote themselves to saving some precious portion of the land they loved, and in doing so reminded their fellow citizens of the full meaning of democracy.
A Monumental Documentary on the History of US National Parks
Ken Burns' documentary The National Parks: America's Best Idea (2009) is designed to run on PBS television in six episodes of about two hours each. The documentary doesn't give viewers much of a feel for what it's like to visit a national park; instead, the focus is on the history of US national parks from their inception in the 19th century up through the 1970s. Burns integrates his coverage of the parks into the broad sweep of American history from the vanishing frontier to the advent of the automobile to the Great Depression to the post-World War II boom in tourism.
Yosemite, Yellowstone and Grand Canyon are old and popular, so they are central to Burns' history. There are 55 other national parks, and several of these play significant roles in the documentary, including Mesa Verde (Colorado), Everglades (Florida), Great Smoky Mountains (North Carolina and Tennessee), Acadia (Maine) and Denali (Alaska). But Burns isn't trying to promote specific attractions; he wants to exalt nature in general and warn against commercial, logging, mining and ranching interests.
Release Date: October 6, 2009
Number of DVD Discs: 6
Feature Runtime: 11 hours 35 minutes

There are 3 1/4 hours of bonus materials spread over the six discs in the DVD set containing The National Parks: America's Best Idea.

1) The Scripture of Nature
In 1851, word spreads across the country of a beautiful area of California's Yosemite Valley, attracting visitors who wish to exploit the land's scenery for commercial gain and those who wish to keep it pristine. Among the latter is a Scottish-born wanderer named John Muir, for whom protecting the land becomes a spiritual calling. In 1864, Congress passes an act that protects Yosemite from commercial development for "public use, resort and recreation" - the first time in world history that any government has put forth this idea - and hands control of the land to California. Meanwhile, a "wonderland" in the northwest corner of the Wyoming territory attracts visitors to its bizarre landscape of geysers, mud pots and sulfur pits. In 1872, Congress passes an act to protect this land as well. Since it is located in a territory, rather than a state, it becomes America's first national park: Yellowstone.

2) The Last Refuge
By the end of the 19th century, widespread industrialization has left many Americans worried about whether the country - once a vast wilderness - will have any pristine land left. At the same time, poachers in the parks are rampant, and visitors think nothing of littering or carving their names near iconic sites like Old Faithful. Congress has yet to establish clear judicial authority or appropriations for the protection of the parks. This sparks a conservation movement by organizations such as the Sierra Club, led by John Muir; the Audubon Society, led by George Bird Grinnell; and the Boone and Crockett Club, led by Theodore Roosevelt. The movement fails, however, to stop San Francisco from building the Hetch Hetchy dam at Yosemite, flooding Muir's "mountain temple" and leaving him broken-hearted before he dies.

3) The Empire of Grandeur
In the early 20th century, America has a dozen national parks, but they are a haphazard patchwork of special places under the supervision of different federal agencies. The conservation movement, after failing to stop the Hetch Hetchy dam, pushes the government to establish one unified agency to oversee all the parks, leading to the establishment of the National Park Service in 1916. Its first director, Stephen Mather, a wealthy businessman and passionate park advocate who fought vigorously to establish the NPS, launches an energetic campaign to expand the national park system and bring more visitors to the parks. Among his efforts is to protect the Grand Canyon from encroaching commercial interests and establish it as a national park, rather than a national monument.

4) Going Home
While visiting the parks was once predominantly the domain of Americans wealthy enough to afford the high-priced train tours, the advent of the automobile allows more people than ever before to visit the parks. Mather embraces this opportunity and works to build more roads in the parks. Some park enthusiasts, such as Margaret and Edward Gehrke of Nebraska, begin "collecting" parks, making a point to visit as many as they can. In North Carolina, Horace Kephart, a reclusive writer, and George Masa, a Japanese immigrant, launch a campaign to protect the last strands of virgin forest in the Smoky Mountains by establishing it as a park. In Wyoming, John D. Rockefeller Jr. begins quietly buying up land in the Teton Mountain Range and valley in a secret plan to donate it to the government as a park.

5) Great Nature
To battle unemployment in the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the Civilian Conservation Corps, which spawns a "golden age" for the parks through major renovation projects. In a groundbreaking study, a young NPS biologist named George Melendez Wright discovers widespread abuses of animal habitats and pushes the service to reform its wildlife policies. Congress narrowly passes a bill to protect the Everglades in Florida as a national park - the first time a park has been created solely to preserve an ecosystem, as opposed to scenic beauty. As America becomes entrenched in World War II, Roosevelt is pressured to open the parks to mining, grazing and lumbering. The president also is subjected to a storm of criticism for expanding the Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming by accepting a gift of land secretly purchased by John D. Rockefeller Jr.

6) The Morning of Creation
Following World War II, the parks are overwhelmed as visitation reaches 62 million people a year. A new billion-dollar campaign - Mission 66 - is created to build facilities and infrastructure that can accommodate the flood of visitors. A biologist named Adolph Murie introduces the revolutionary notion that predatory animals, which are still hunted, deserve the same protection as other wildlife. In Florida, Lancelot Jones, the grandson of a slave, refuses to sell to developers his family's property on a string of unspoiled islands in Biscayne Bay and instead sells it to the federal government to be protected as a national monument. In the late 1970s, President Jimmy Carter creates uproar in Alaska when he sets aside 56 million acres of land for preservation - the largest expansion of protected land in history. In 1995, wolves are re-established in Yellowstone, making the world's first national park a little more like what it once was
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Comentário pessoal:
Já assisti a esta fabulosa obra de Ken Burns, varios aspectos me fascinaram, para além da beleza das Paisagens Americanas e do próprio ideal por trás da nomeação e definição de Parque Nacional.... As pessoas que contribuiram para a proliferação e consolidação dos Parques, quer através dos agentes que o findaram e gerem mas tambem dos visitantes, desta forma destaco fotografos, pintores, Arquitectos Paisagistas e instiuiçoes criadas para a protecção dos Parques para além do National Parks service.
Por este motivo este post será o primeiro de uma série de posts sobre parque nacionais e outros, que contribui tambem para alargar o conhecimento adquirido nas aulas de Ordenamento do Territorio. Um post terá a ver com a posiçao e contributo dos Arquitectos Paisagistas para a criação e valorização do ideal de Parque Nacional....
Para breve....
Fica aqui contudo a lista de Parques Nacionais nos EUA. uma lista de parques a nivel mundial e uma refência para o exemplo Portugues:

1872March 1YellowstoneIdaho, Montana, Wyoming
1890September 25SequoiaCalifornia
October 1YosemiteCalifornia
1899March 2Mount RainierWashington
1902May 22Crater LakeOregon
1903January 9Wind CaveSouth Dakota
1906June 29Mesa VerdeColorado
1910May 11GlacierMontana
1915January 26Rocky MountainColorado
1916August 1Hawaii Volcanoes[1]Hawaii
August 1Haleakala[2]Hawaii
August 9Lassen VolcanicCalifornia
1917February 26Denali[3]Alaska
1919February 26Acadia[4]Maine
February 26Grand CanyonArizona
November 19ZionUtah
1921March 4Hot Springs[5]Arkansas
1924June 7Bryce Canyon[6]Utah
1929February 26Grand TetonWyoming
1930May 14Carlsbad CavernsNew Mexico
1931March 3Isle RoyaleMichigan
1934June 15Great Smoky Mountains[7]North Carolina, Tennessee
1935December 26Shenandoah[8]Virginia
1938June 29OlympicWashington
1940March 4Kings Canyon[9]California
1941July 1Mammoth CaveKentucky
1944June 12Big BendTexas
1947December 6EvergladesFlorida
1956August 2Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islands
1962December 9Petrified ForestArizona
1964September 12CanyonlandsUtah
1966October 15Guadalupe MountainsTexas
1968October 2RedwoodsCalifornia
October 2North CascadesWashington
1971November 12ArchesUtah
December 18Capitol ReefUtah
1975April 8VoyageursMinnesota
1978November 10BadlandsSouth Dakota
November 10Theodore Roosevelt[10]North Dakota
1980March 5Channel IslandsCalifornia
June 28BiscayneFlorida
December 2Gates of the ArcticAlaska
December 2Glacier Bay
December 2Katmai
December 2Kenai Fjords
December 2Kobuk Valley
December 2Lake Clark
December 2Wrangell-St. Elias
1986October 27Great BasinNevada
1988October 31American SamoaAmerican Samoa
1992October 26Dry TortugasFlorida
1994October 31Death ValleyCalifornia, Nevada
October 31Joshua TreeCalifornia
October 4SaguaroArizona
1999October 21Black Canyon of the GunnisonColorado
2000October 11Cuyahoga ValleyOhio
2003November 10CongareeSouth Carolina
2004September 24Great Sand DunesColorado
um outro conceito derivado deste o monumento nacional estrategia usada pelo presidente Theodor Roosevelt para contornar as dificuldades na criação dos parques e da própria manutençao, como o alargamento por parte de entidades apenas interessadas no desenvolvimento económico, usufruir dos recursos sem pensar no futuro
tal como este :
O caso Portugues:

das cerca de 12h de emissão, fiquei deslumbrando com algumas imagens, Ken Burns destaca-se pela utulização de imagens de arquivo, fazendo uma manipulaçao destas magsitral, por esse motivo essa tecnica é conhecida por Ken Burns Effect.... dessas imagens de arquivo ha fotografias fabulosas e obras de artistas plasticos como Chiura Obata, contudo partilho aqui imagens realizadas para esta série de documentarios que sao para mim autenticos wallpaper:

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